There are a number of differences between the two structures. A repo is technically a single transaction, while a sale/buyout is a pair of transactions (a sale and a purchase). The sale/purchase does not require specific legal documents, whereas a repo usually requires a master`s agreement between the buyer and the seller (usually the Global Master Repo Agreement (GMRA) mandated by SIFMA/ICMA). For this reason, there is an increase in the risk associated with Repo. If the counterparty were to become insolvent, the absence of an agreement could reduce the legal position on appeal. As a general rule, any coupon payment on the underlying warranty during the duration of the sale/buyback is returned to the purchaser of the guarantee by adjusting the cash paid at the end of the sale/purchase. In a repo, the coupon is immediately passed on to the security vendor. Any player in the market for a pension contract is exposed to counterparty defaults, regardless of the collateral issued. The agreement is such that the lender is always the weakest party. As such, the pension margin (called a haircut in the United States) is the difference between the market value of the guarantee and the value of the loan. Pension transactions are generally considered to be a reduction in credit risk. The biggest risk in a repo is that the seller does not maintain his contract by not repuring the securities he sold on the due date. In these cases, the purchaser of the guarantee can then liquidate the guarantee in an attempt to recover the money he originally paid.
However, the reason this is an inherent risk is that the value of the warranty may have decreased since the first sale and therefore cannot leave the buyer with any choice but to maintain the security he never wanted to maintain in the long term, or to sell it for a loss. On the other hand, this transaction also poses a risk to the borrower; If the value of the guarantee increases beyond the agreed terms, the creditor cannot resell the guarantee. 2) Cash funds payable when buying portfolio or government bonds, corporate and treasury bonds, and Treasury and equity bonds can all be used as „guarantees“ in a repurchase transaction.