In South Africa, in addition to traditional living trusts and trusts, there is a „bewind trust“ (managed by the German-Dutch treuhand by a Treuhandhebber)  in which the beneficiaries hold the trust, while the agent manages trust, although modern Dutch law considers it not really a trust.  Bewind trusts are created as a commercial vehicle offering trustees limited liability and certain tax benefits. [Citation required] Negative aspects of using living trust as opposed to a will and estate include upstream legal fees, the cost of administering the trust, and the absence of certain guarantees. The cost of the trust can be as high as 1% of the estate per year, compared to the one-time estate fee of 1 to 4% for the applicable reduction, whether or not there is a design will. Unlike trusts, wills must be signed by two or three witnesses, the number depends on the law of jurisdiction in which the will is executed. The legal protection that applies to the estate, but does not automatically apply to trusts, includes provisions that protect the scammer`s estate from mismanagement or misappropriation of funds, for example.B. Requirements for obligation, insurance and the ventilated accounting of estate assets. Trusts may be created by the express intentions of Settlors  or may be created by the application of laws known as implicit trusts. A tacit trust is created by a court of justice because of the actions or situations of the parties.
Implicit positions of trust are divided into two categories: result and constructive. The resulting confidence is implicit in the law in establishing the presumed intentions of the parties, but it does not take into account their explicit intent. Constructive trust is a legal trust in establishing justice between the parties, regardless of their intentions. Qualified Terminable Interest Property Trust: This trust allows a person to transfer assets at different times to specific beneficiaries, their survivors. In the typical scenario, a spouse receives a lifetime income from the trust and receives children, which remains after the death of his or her spouse. The Chancellor would find it „unacceptable“ that the rightful owner could go back to his word and deny the claims of the crusader (the „real“ owner). Therefore, he would find for the cruise ship back. Over time, it was learned that the Court of Chancery would constantly recognize the assertion of a returning crusader.