Shortly after the end of the Second World War, the 1929 Geneva Convention was revised and established by the 1949 Geneva Convention. He continued the idea, which was expressed earlier, that prisoners should be removed from the combat zone and treated humanely without loss of citizenship. The 1949 Convention broadened the concept of prisoner of war not only to members of the regular armed forces who have fallen to enemy power, but also to militia, volunteers, Irish and members of resistance movements, if they are members of the armed forces, and to those who accompany the armed forces without being truly members. , such as war correspondents, civilian suppliers and members of work units. The protection of prisoners of war under the Geneva Conventions is maintained throughout their captivity and cannot be abducted by the kidnapper or abandoned by the prisoners themselves. During the conflict, prisoners could be repatriated or transferred to a neutral nation for receivership. At the end of hostilities, all prisoners will be immediately released and repatriated, except those detained for trials or trials. In some recent combat situations, such as the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan after the September 11, 2001, attacks, combatants captured on the battlefield have been labelled „illegal combatants“ and have not afforded protection guaranteed by the Geneva Conventions. NOW, THEREFORE, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, because of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, you proclaim April 9, 2018, National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day. I call on Americans to observe this day by honouring the service and sacrifice of all our former prisoners of war and expressing our nation`s eternal gratitude for their sacrifice.
I also call on officials and organizations of federal, regional and local governments to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities. Several major military anniversaries are celebrated this year, including the centenary respect of the armistice that ended the First World War, the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Kasserine Pass during World War II, the 65th anniversary of the Korean ceasefire agreement, the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War Tet offensive and the 25th anniversary of the Battle of Mogadishu.