The Cartagena Protocol on Biosecurity at the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty on the movements of modified living organisms (LOS) from modern biotechnology from one country to another. It was adopted on January 29, 2000 as an endorsement of the CBD and came into force on September 11, 2003. Healthy ecosystems support water supply and water quality and protect against water-related hazards and disasters. The preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity can therefore be seen as a basis for the whole programme by 2030. A number of regional consultations have already taken place, notably for Asia and the Pacific, the Western Europe Group and other members of the EU, Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean. A gender-focused thematic consultation was also held in New York, USA, and a consultation workshop on biodiversity conventions was held from 10 to 12 June 2019 in Bern, Switzerland. National strategies and action plans for biodiversity are the main instruments for implementing the convention at the national level. The Convention requires countries to develop a national biodiversity strategy and to ensure that it is integrated into business planning in all areas where diversity may be compromised. By early 2012, 173 contracting parties had developed NBSAPs.  SBSTTA-5 delegates met in two working groups. Working Group 1: Exotic Species; marine and coastal biodiversity, including coral bleaching; the work programme for biodiversity in dry areas, the Mediterranean, drought, half-ariums, grasslands and savannah and agricultural biodiversity. Working Group 2 examined the ecosystem approach, the development of biodiversity indicators and the sustainable use of biodiversity components. The Assembly examined cooperation with other institutions, the global taxionomy initiative, the pilot phase of the compensation mechanism, guidelines for second national reports, work programmes on inland waters and forest biodiversity, as well as rolling tables and mandate lists for ad hoc technical expert groups.
The recommendations of SBSTTA-5 will be forwarded to the Fifth Conference of the Parties (COP-5), to be held in Nairobi, Kenya from 15 to 26 May 2000. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB) is one of three international environmental agreements that came from the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. The second COP meeting was held in Jakarta, Indonesia, from 6 to 17 November 1995. Among the decisions made by COP-2 was the designation of the permanent location of the secretariat in Montral, Canada; Agreement on the development of a protocol on the prevention of biotech risks; The operation of the CHM; The designation of the GEF as a permanent intermediary institutional structure for the financial mechanism; Addressing the first substantive issue, marine and coastal biodiversity; And an agreement on the fight against forests and biodiversity, including the development of a declaration of the Convention on Biological Diversity to the Intergovernmental Committee on Forests (FPI) of the Commission for Sustainable Development.