Through the VFA, U.S. forces have helped the Philippines combat non-traditional security threats, such as human trafficking, cyberattacks, terrorism and illegal narcotics, through training, joint exercises and exchange visits. The Visiting Forces Act (R.S., 1985, v.2) provides that the services and service courts of a visiting force in Canada may exercise dependent judicial and disciplinary responsibilities vested in them by the law of the state of which they are a member.  The United States could also take the opportunity to renegotiate a new and better-value agreement with the Philippines – one that fulfills President Duterte`s goal of being strong against the United States and the other that gives President Trump the opportunity to mark another important agreement, this time a defense agreement, of his unique footprint that could advance American interests for years. I have repeatedly said that foreign policy in my watch is fist in the iron glove of the armed forces. We will listen to other views on how and whether the VFA should be pursued. The law may also apply to certain foreign non-military persons related to the visit of the armed forces (for example, family members. B, civilian employees, etc.). Such laws often deal with issues such as criminal jurisdiction, the treatment of arrested persons who turn out to be foreign military personnel absent without leave, or military deserters, dual-risk situations, etc. Some laws passed by governments may deal directly with these issues or serve as enabling laws so that separate agreements between a host country and other countries can be enforceable. Depending on the legal climate in the host country, such enabling laws may or may not be necessary. Visiting Forces Act is a title that is often given to laws regulating the status of military personnel, when they travel to areas under the jurisdiction of another country and/or while the forces of one country are linked or serve with armed forces of another country.
This is evident from the provision of MDAA, which says, and I quote, „An armed attack on public vessels or aircraft of the Republic of the Philippines in the Pacific, including the South China Sea, would trigger the reciprocal defence obligations of the United States under Article 4 of the Mutual Defence Treaty.“ Of course, there are irritations that need to be addressed, but the FDFA has taken steps to clarify with the United States certain points related to the VFA, in order to avoid the problems of implementation of the agreement. In a speech to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Locsin referred to the direct and indirect benefits of the VFA and presented a preliminary impact analysis on the repeal of the agreement. On August 14, 1980, the Republic of Vanuatu passed the Visiting Forces Act. The Act contains separate agreements on visitation missions with Papua New Guinea and the United Kingdom and establishes a protocol for the extension of these agreements.  Other agreements and the terms of defence and security operations in the Philippines and the United States may be inoperative despite their validity. Among these agreements and modalities of cooperation is the mutual defence treaty which is used by the VFA.